关系代词(Relative Pronouns):who,whom,whose,that,which,用以引导定语从句

代词 定语从句 关系代词 that which 评论

1.关系代词有who,whom,whose,that和which,关系代词是用来引起定语从句的。
who和whom代表人,在从句中作主语时用who,作宾语时一般用whom:
He is a good physician who cures himself.
能给自己治病的是好大夫。(谚)
Is there anyone who opposes the idea?
有谁反对这个意见?
He is the man whom I met on the ship.
他就是我在船上碰到的那个人。

2.whose表示“他(她)的”,在从句中作定语:
Do you know anyone whose family is in Taipei?
你认不认识什么人家在台北?
She is the girl whose painting won the first prize.
她就是那个画作赢得头奖的姑娘。

3.which代表事物,在从句中可以作主语(a)或宾语(b):
a.She told US a story which moved us deeply.
她讲了一个故事使我们深受感动。
Did You see the letter which came this morning?
今天来的那封信你看到了吗?

b.This is the book which I told you about.
这就是我和你谈到的那本书。
This is a factor which we must consider.
这是我们必须考虑的一个因素。

4.that代表物的时较多(a),有时也可以代表人(b):
a.Have you got everything that you need?
你需要的东西都带了吗?
They lived in a house that was built in 1600.
他们住在一栋1660年盖的房子里。

b.Who is the man that's sitting by her side?
坐在她旁边的那个人是谁?

5.定语从句分限制性的和非限制性两种。在限制性定语从句中,当关系代词在从句中作宾语时,常可以省略,特别是在口语中:
These are the tickets I bought for you.
这是我替你买的票。
Is there anything you want to say?
你有什么话要说吗?

在非限制性定语从句中,关系代词不能省略,而且不能用that。

本文发布于2011-09-19,上次编辑于2021-08-25。

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