不定式特殊句型too…to…的用法

句法 不定式 评论

too…to…句型意为“太……以至于……”。例如:
Tom is too excited to talk when seeing his mom.
汤姆见到妈妈时激动得说不出话来。
He's just a kid. I'm afraid the box is too heavy for him to carry.
他还只是个孩子。我恐怕这个子太重了他搬不动。

如果在too前面有否定词,则整个句子用否定词表达肯定的意思, too后面的词表示委婉的义,意为"不太"。
It's never too late to mend.
改过不嫌晚。

如果too前面有only, all, but等修饰,则意思是“非常……”,相当于very.
I'm only too glad to be able to help you.
我非常高兴能够帮助你。
She was but too eager to return to Taiwan and see her old grandma.
她非常想回台看望她的姥姥。

注意:too…to…句型虽然表达否定的意思,但是其本身是“肯定”的形式,因此它的反义疑问句要使用否定形式,如:
The balls are too many to count, aren't they?
球太多了数不过来,吧?
I'm too old to join you, ain't (aren't) I?
我年龄太大不能加入你们,是吗?
It's not too late to set off now, is it?
现在出发还不算晚,是吧?

本文发布于2021-08-25,上次编辑于2021-08-25。

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