状语的构成及状语成分的替代类型

形容词 副词 状语 不定式 复合结构 介词短语 分词 独立结构 评论

状语可以由下面这些词或词组表示:
1.副词:
What you said is only partly true.
你的话只部分地对。
She will write to you shortly.
她不久将给你写信。

2.介词短语:
Thank you for bringing it.
谢谢你帮我带来了。
She helped us out of kindness.
她帮我们是出于好心。

3.不定式(短语):
I've come to say goodbye to you.
我是来和你道别的。
I'm pleased to have made your acquaintance.
认识了你我很高兴。

4.分词(短语):
They were busy earning a living.
他们都为生活奔忙。
My garden is small compared with yours.
和你的花园我的花园是很小的。

5.形容词:
Now she was back,eager to see her friends.
现在她回来了,非常期待见到她的朋友们。

6.词组:
She jumped ten feet.她跳了十英尺远。

7.复合结构(独立结构):
That being the case,we'11 have to reconsider the whole thing.
况既然如此,我们就得重新考虑整个这件事。

8.从句:
Strong as he was,he couldn't lift it.
尽管他很健壮,却把它提不来。

有时也可用名词作状语:
We have been sitting here hours waiting for you.
我们在这里坐了好几个钟头等你。

本文发布于2011-09-19,上次编辑于2011-10-19。

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