直接引语和间接引语:引述疑问句,祈使句和感叹句

句法 疑问句 复合宾语 主谓一致 直接引语 间接引语 感叹句 祈使句 陈述句 评论

1.在引用一个疑问句时,除了注意人称、状语等的变更和时态的一致之外,还要注意把引语中的语序变为陈述句的语序,也就是要把主语放在谓语前面:
The secretary asked.“What's your occupation?”
The seeretary asked what my occupation was.
秘书问我是什么职业。
He asked,“Where are you to get off,John?”
He asked John where he was to get off.
他问约翰什么地方下车。

这种引语前不能使用连词that。如果引的是个一般问句、选择问句或反意问句,在引语前要用连词whether或if:
He asked.“Are you sure your mother will come?”
He asked whether (if)I was sure my mother would come.
他问我是不是能肯定我妈来。
He asked.“Are you a teacher or a student?”
He asked me whether I was a teacher or a student.
他问我是老师还是同学。

2.在引述一个祈使句时,我们通常用一个简单句,这个请求或命令由一个复合宾语表示
He said.“Please come again tomorrow.”
He asked me to go there again the next day.
他要我第二天再去。
He said,“Don't do that again.”
He told me not to do that again.
他让我以后再不要这样做。
He said,“Get everything ready in two hours.”
He ordered (told) us to get everything ready in two hours.
他命令们在两小时内把一切准备好。
在这种句子中用什么作谓语,要根据所引句子的口气来决定。

3.惊叹句间接引语的形式引述的时候是比较少的。如果这样引用,要设传山出原来句子表达的情绪:
“What a lovely garden!”
He remarked with admiration that it was such a lovely garden.
他赞叹这花园是多么可爱。
通常用直接引语反而能更好地传出原情绪。

本文发布于2011-09-19,上次编辑于2011-09-25。

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