助动词do的用法和例句

动词 助动词 疑问句 否定句 强调 祈使句 do 评论

助动词do可以用来:
1.do构成疑问句:
Does he know Chinese?
他懂汉语吗?
How do you like the weather here?
你觉得这里的天气如何?
Did you go by train or by plane?
你是坐火车还是坐飞机去的?
She likes the food,doesn't she?
她喜欢这个菜,对吧?

2.do构成否定句:
Don't bother to answer the letter.
不要烦你回信了。
We don't see much of each other.
我们不常见面。
He doesn't care for fish.
他不爱吃鱼。
I didn't know you were here.
我不知道你在这儿。

3.表示前面所说动作,以避免重复:
Do you work together?--Yes.we do.
你们在一起工作吗?足的。(我们在一起工作。)
You don't want to be late.Neither does she.
你不想迟到,她也不想迟到。
You're doing better than you did last term
你这学期上学期表现好。
I said he would fail,and he did.
我说他会失败,他真的失败了。

4. 加强语气(起强调作用):
I do think you're right.
我确实认为你是对的。
She does feel that way.
她确实有这种感觉。
She did say that.
她确实这样说的。
Do be careful.
千万小心。

5.构成否定形式的祈使句
Don't be shy.
别害羞。
Don't move!
别动!
注意:否定祈使句只能使用don't,不使用didn't或doesn't.

6.用于倒装句
Never did I hear of it.
我从未听说过。
Only when we begin to work do we realize the importance of English.
只有在开始工作后我们才认识到英语要性。

do在更多情况下用作实意动词,用法很灵活,可表示许多意思,如:
Martin has done an excellent article.
马丁写了一篇精彩的文章。
He has done a portrait of Lilly.
他画了一张丽丽的画像。
We are doing the dishes.
我们在洗碗。
Have you done your teeth?
你刷牙了吗?
He has done Horace into English verse.
他把荷雷斯的作品译成诗。

本文发布于2011-09-09,上次编辑于2021-08-25。

评论