主谓一致:句子的主语和谓语必须在人称和数上一致

主语 谓语 主谓一致 单数 复数 集体名词 就近原则 评论

主语和谓语必须在人称和数上一致:
The content of these books is very good.
这些书的内容很好。
Between the two buildings stands a monument.
两座楼之间有一座纪念碑。
The results of the examination show that you have made good progress.
考试结果说明你们有很大进步。

1.主语若是一个抽象概念,谓语都用单数形式:
Growing vegetables needs constant watering.
种菜要经常浇水。
Smoking cigarettes is hazardous to your health.
吸烟危害健康。

2.主语若是单数,不受后面状语的影响,谓语仍用单数形式:
Nobody but Helen and Kate was there.
除了海伦和凯特那儿没人。
No one except his parents knows anything about it.
除了他父亲谁也不知此事。

3.each和由some,any,no,every构成合成代词都作单数看待:
Each of us has something to say.
我们每人都有些话说。
Is everybody ready?
大家都准备好了吗?

4.what,who,which等代词可以左单数看待,也可作复数看待,根据意思决定:
Which is your room?哪是你的房间?
Which are your rooms?哪几间是你们的房间?
Who's knocking at the door?谁在敲门?
Who are quarreling?谁在吵架?

5.none可作单数看待,也可作复数看待,看说话人联想的是单数概念还是复数
None(=Not one)of us has got a camera.
我们中间没有一个人有相机。
None of these books are easy enough for us.
这些书全太难,我们看不懂。

6.有些集体名词可作单数看待,也可作复数看待,根据意思决定:
His family isn't very large.
他家里人不多。
My family are all music lovers.
我家里人都喜欢音乐。
The Committee meets twice a month.
委员会一月开两次会。
The Committee are divided in opinion.
委员们意见有分歧。

7. 时间、距离、价值、长度、重量和金额等复数名词作主语时,谓语用单数。
Ten years is more than enough for one to forget bad things.
10年时间足够一个人忘记不好的事情。
Five dollars is enough.
5美元够了。

8. 动名词、不定式、从句作主语时谓语一律用单数。
To see is to believe.
眼见为实。
Running does good to hour health.
跑步对我们的健康有益。
What I need is some break.
我想要的就是几块面包。

9. 并列的主语指同一概念时,谓语用单数。
Early to bed and early to rise is a good habit.
早睡早起是个好习惯。
Mr. and Mrs Smith is a wonderful movie.
《史斯夫妇》是一部精彩的电影。

10. all作主语时,如果指人,谓语用复数;如果指事/物,则位于用单数。
All begin to cry seeing the news.
看到这则新闻时所有人哭了起来。
All is going on very well.
一切进展得非常顺利。

11. this/that/a pair of +复数名词作主语时,谓语用单数。
This pair of shoes is mine.
这双鞋是我的。

12. many a/more than one+单数名词作主语时,位于用单数。
More than one villager has died since last week.
上周以来已经不止一名村民死去了。
Many a worker is on strike.
许多工人参加了罢工。
Many a dog and many a cat is sent to that big house.
的狗和猫被送到了那座大房子。

13. 由and连接的两个名词表示同一个人或物作时,谓语用单数。
Her coach and dad is Tom.
她的教练,也是她的亲是汤姆。

14. one and a half+复数名词后用复数谓语;one+单数名词+and a half后用单数谓语。
One and a half watermelons are left.
One watermelon and a half is left.
还剩下一个西瓜。

15. there be句型、here/there开头的倒装句、or、either…or…、neither…nor…、not only…but also…的谓语形式适用就近原则。
There is a monkey and two birds in the tree.
树上有一只猴子和两只鸟。
Here come two trucks and a bus。
开过来两辆卡车和一辆公交车。
Either you or I am correct.
要么你对,要么我对。

16. one or two用作主语时,通常使用复数谓语。
One or two workers are needed.
需要一两个工人。
There are still one or two blanks unfilled.
还有几个空没填。

17. 小于“一”的小数后的名词用复数形式。
0.5 kilograms 0.5公斤
0.1 degrees 0.1度

本文发布于2011-09-19,上次编辑于2021-09-04。

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