置于句末和句中的插入语

独立成分 插入语 评论

1.最常见的插入语是下面这类,可放在句子末尾,也可能在句子中间:
That will be a good beginning,I hope.
希望这是一个良好的开端。
We'11 have to book our tickets in advance,I'm afraid.
我看我们得提前订票。
Her performance was wonderful.don't you think?
她的演出很出色,你觉得?
She can't come for some reason,you know.
她由于某种原因来不了了,你懂的。

The play,I think,was both interesting and instructive.
这个戏我觉得既有趣又教育人。
The trees there,it's said,are mostly,over thirty feet tall.
据说那里的树多数都有二丈多高。
The first part,it seems,is better written than the other parts.
一部分似乎比其他部分写得都好。
This,you know,is just my personal opinion.
这你知道只是我的个人看法。
I prefer to go tomorrow afternoon, say, at 6pm.
I倾向于明天下午去,比如说6点。

2.有些词或短词可插在句子(特别是问句)中去,不用逗号开:
What on earth are you fussing about?
什么事你这样大惊小怪?
I wonder where the devil my slippers are?
真怪,我的拖鞋到哪里去了?
Who the hell are you?
你tmd是谁?
What in Heaven's name are you doing?你到底在干什么?
这种插入语主要用来加重语气,去掉后句子结构仍然是完整的。

3.另在下面这类句子中似乎也插入了一个成分:
We have been waiting for you for heaven knows how long.
(比较:Heavens knows how long we have been waiting for you.)
我们一个劲儿地等着,天知道我们等了多久。
值得注意的是这种插入的部分不宜拿掉。

本文发布于2011-09-19,上次编辑于2011-09-25。

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