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程度副词,疑问副词和连接副词的概念及用法

1.程度副词:常见的有much,(a)little,a bit,very,so,too,enough,quite,rather,pretty,fairly,extremely,considerably,entirely,greatly,completely,awfully,terribly,definitely,perfectly,amazingly,deeply,immensely,barely,almost,hardly,scarcely,partly,half,slightly,not at all等。这类副词多数都用来修饰形容词(a)或副词(b):
a.His pronunciation is very(quite,rather,pretty,fairly)good.
他的发音非常好。
He has been extremely(awfully,terribly) busy these days.
他最近特别的忙。

b.She sings quite(pretty,extremely,not at a11)well.
他唱歌唱得很好。
He works terribly(awfully,quite,very)hard.
有些可修饰动词:
Thank you very much.
非常谢谢你。
I can hardly agree with you.
我不同意你的意思。

2.疑问副词:常见的有how,where,when,why等,都用来引起特殊问句:
How are you doing at school?
你在学校情况怎样?
Where shall we stay for the night?
今晚我们在哪儿过夜?
When shall we meet again?
我们什么时候再见面?
Why are you so worried?
你为什么这样发愁?

how还可与许多其他词一起用,如:
How long have you been there?
你在那里待了多久?
How soon is she coming back?
她多久能回来?
How often do you meet?
你们多久见一次面?

3.连接副词:
疑问副词可用来引起从句,这时称为连接副词。在句中可引起:
1)主语从句:
When she’ll be back depends on the weather.
她什么时候回来得看天气。
It was a mystery how she got well so soon.
她如何痒愈得这样快是一个谜。

2)宾语从句:
They didn’t say where they were to stay.
他们没说要在哪里住。
Nobody can tell why he refused to come.
没人知道他为什么拒绝来。

3)表词从句:
That was how they overcame the difficulty.
他们就是这样克服闲难的。
That’s why I don’t agree with you.
因此我不能同意你的意见。

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