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宾语主要可分为两类:直接宾语和间接宾语

1.直接宾语:
大多数及物动词都可跟直接宾语:
We’ll take an x-ray of your chest.
我们将给你的胸部作x光检查。
She made an important discovery.
她有重大发现。

有些成语动词也可跟直接宾语:
We are looking for an apartment.
我们在找住房。
He filled out the money order.
他把汇票填好。
What job are you applying for?.
你申请什么工作?
He takes after his father.
他长得像他父亲。

2.间接宾语:
有一些动词可跟两个宾语,一般前面是间接宾语,后面是直接宾语:
The doctor gave him a prescription.
医生给他开了处方。
She showed the girls her new dress.
她把新衣服拿给姑娘们看。
I’11 lend you something to read.
我借点书给你看。
Can you do me a favor?
你能帮我一个忙吗?
Buy me a coffee.
给我买杯咖啡。

间接宾语有的可改为一个由to或for引起的短语:

Pass me the salt.
Pass the salt to me.
把盐递给我
She sent us a postcard.
she sent a postcard to us
她寄给我们一张明信片
Sing us a song!
sing a song for us!
给我们唱一支歌!
Mother made him a coat.
Mother made a coat for him
妈给他做了一件大衣.

能跟两个宾语的动词称为双宾动词(ditransitive verbs),常见的有give,show,send,bring,offer,read,pass,lend,leave,hand,tell,write,pay,throw,allow,wish,teach,promise,award,accord,grant,owe,deny等(这类动词的间接宾语可改为to引起的短语),及make,buy,do,fetch,get,paint,play,save,reserve,order,cook,sing,find等(这类动词的间接宾语可改为for引起的短语)。

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